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The name Argentina comes from the latin “argentum” which means “silver”. The origin of this word can be traced back to the trips of the first Spanish conquerors to the area of where Buenos Aires is now. Survivors of Juan Díaz de Solis’s expedition, after a shipwreck, found in that region indians who gave them silver articles which they took back to Spain around 1524, together with the news of the existence of Sierra del Plata, a mountain full of this precious metal. From that day onwards, the Portuguese called Solis’s river Río de la Plata (river of silver).

Argentina is a country located at the very south of the American continent. Due to this it has certain features and peculiarities not shared by the rest of the Latin American countries.

Considering its surface it is the eighth largest region in the world and the second after Brazil in South America. Its people are also very different: a melting pot of immigrants –mainly Europeans- that immigrated here at the end of the XIXth century has produced the Argentine of today, kind, gregarious, generous, hospitable and eager to share his/her infectious joy and zest for life.

Argentina has an extension of almost 3,8 Km2: 2,8 belong to the continent with almost 54% of plains (prairies and savannas), 23% of plateaus and 23% of hills and mountains, the rest is the Arctic region. It limits with Uruguay, Brazil, Bolivia and Chile with a frontier of 9,376 Km. long, the sea coast being other 4,725 Km. long. The weather is varied, mild and humid in the Pampas region, cold and humid in the far west at the Patagonia region, subtropical in the north of the Mesopotamia area and warm in the northwest. From November to March the mean temperature is 30o C and from June to September 10o C. Its population is more than 36 million inhabitants.
95% of the Argentines are white. With the  massive arrival of the European immigration, the mestizo- child of white and Indian- gradually disappeared, now  constituting only 4,5% of the argentine racial population. The pure indigenous population – Mapuches, Coyas, Tobas, Matacos and Chiriguanos – represent 0,5% of the inhabitants. The official religion is Roman Catholic, though there is complete freedom of worship. There are also many Protestants, Jews, from Islam, Greek Orthodox, Russian Orthodox, Buddists and others.

Argentina is well known all over the world because of the tango, football, and the gauchos (the argentine cowboys), anyway the main attraction for most of the visitors is its natural beauty. The variety of weather and landscapes all over the territory allows us to discover different worlds in one only country.


Tucumán is an important province in the northwest of the country. It is very picturesque combining its ancient colonial heritage- it was a landmark in the road to the “Alto Perú”- with the strength and vigour of its modern life. It has more than a million inhabitants. The landscape is varied combining mountains, subtropical forests, prairies, lakes, streams and rivers.

Its capital, San Miguel de Tucumán is called “the garden of the republic” due to its natural beauty, flowers, plants and a mild climate which allows a generous vegetation all year round. It is characterized by its cultural activities and social late night-life. Its University is very prestigious and has all the careers, attracting students from all over the country and even from neighbouring countries. Since the city is located at the foot of the mountains, it has easy access to different excursions and sports including rafting, trekking, horse-riding, hang gliding, rappel, etc.  

Tucumán is famous all over the country because our Independence was declared here in 1816, that is why it is also called “the cradle of the Argentine Independence”. The historic house, placed in the very centre of the city, is kept as it used to be at that time, and it  becomes alive every evening with its””Light and Sound Show” which reconstructs the moments in which the patriots signed our independence from Spain.  

In spite of all this historic and natural wealth the main beauty and attraction of the city is the hospitality and warmth of its people, always ready to welcome and help the visitor. Although it is one of the most important cities in the country, it combines the metropolitan activity with the customs of a town, always kind and hospitable. Whoever spends some time in Tucumán will find it difficult to leave, and when leaving will feel enriched, different.



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